The shock absorbers, along with the tires and brakes, are part of the so-called “Safety Triangle” of the vehicle. In the following technical article, it is been recalled the importance that this important component has – beyond safety – and highlights the advantages that, in its opinion, monotube design shock absorbers present.
How to choose the one?
All vehicles, from small utility vehicles to the largest Class 8 trucks, include damping technology designed to improve on-road performance and help protect critical components from premature wear or breakdown. Without this technology, the comfort and safety of the driver would be affected, as well as the useful life of other elements and systems of the vehicle. An effective damping system includes multiple components, one of the most important of which is the damper.
Shock absorbers are devices located between the frame of the vehicle and the wheels to smooth the movements generated by the vehicle springs when driving. These work in conjunction with other suspension components to control and reduce bounce, camber, roll, front braking sag and rear throttle sag. By mitigating those movements, shock absorbers help to play an important role in providing consistent handling and braking, maintaining dynamic wheel alignment and preventing premature degradation of components such as brakes and tires.
All modern vehicles are equipped with shock absorbers, but not all are made equal. Today’s shock absorbers feature a wide range of different technologies and materials that affect their performance. In addition, its design can be based on two very different types: the traditional double tube design or the monotube. Each type of blackhawk supply damper offers its own advantages, but monotube dampers are especially beneficial in many modern applications. To appreciate these benefits, it is important to understand how a shock absorber works and for this the first thing to know is that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transferred and transformed.
At its core, a damper is an oil pump with a piston attached to a rod that pushes against hydraulic fluid in a pressure tube. This dampens the movement of the spring by transforming the kinetic energy stored during the suspension movement into thermal energy (heat), to then dissipate through the hydraulic fluid. When driving on the road, the movement of the vehicle’s wheels impacts on the suspension system and the springs. The suspension movement forces the hydraulic fluid to travel back and forth through small holes within the piston. Because these holes only allow a small amount to pass through at a time, the piston slows down, in turn slowing down the movement of the springs and suspension.